Photo of Robert and Helen Singleton, smiling in casual clothes.

Dr. and Mrs. Singleton were early ’60s Civil Rights activists, challenging Los Angeles’ discriminatory practices in restaurants, apartments, barber shops and department stores. Then, as students in 1961, they recruited for and joined the Freedom Rides to test unlawful discrimination in interstate travel down South. On July 30, they were arrested in Jackson, MS. Along with more than 300 Freedom Riders they were tried, fined and incarcerated at Parchman Penitentiary.

Their actions challenged Mississippi and other southern states to comply with two U.S. Supreme Court decisions ruling racial segregation unconstitutional in interstate travel. This and other Civil Rights strategies led to the enactment of the 1964 Civil Rights Act which helped bring down the barriers to equal protection and opportunity in America.